英亚app

喀斯特山区乡村性空间分异及发展类型——以贵州省盘州市为例
1,2, 1,2, 1,2, 1,3, 1,3

(1.guizhoushifandaxue kasiteyanjiuyuan/diliyuhuanjingkexuexueyuan, guiyang 550001; 2.guizhoushengkasiteshandishengtaihuanjingguojiazhongdianshiyanshipeiyujidi, guiyang 550001; 3.guojiakasiteshimohuafangzhigongchengjishuyanjiuzhongxin, guiyang 550001)

;;;;

Rurality Spatial Distribution and Types of Rural Development in Karst Mountains
-A Case of Panzhou City in Guizhou Province

(1.institute of karst science/school of geography and environmental science, guizhou normal university, guiyang 550001, china; 2. state key laboratory incubation base for karst mountain ecology environment of guizhou province, guiyang 550001, china; 3.state engineering technology institute for karst desertification control, guiyang 550001, china)

;;;;

备注

喀斯特山区生态环境脆弱,乡村经济发展缓慢,对其乡村性进行评价,对促进区域经济发展具有重要意义。以盘州市为例,构建村域乡村性评价指标体系,对盘州市474个村域单元的乡村性进行定量评价,分析了其空间分异特征,基于生态与经济状况划分乡村发展类型,探究不同发展类型下的乡村性差异。结果表明:(1)盘州市乡村性空间分异明显,总体呈“南高北低、东高西低”的分布格局;(2)从全局分析,乡村性指数呈现显著的空间集聚; 从局部分析,冷点区总体分布于市域西部,热点区集中分布于市域南部; 次冷点区与次热点区分别分布于冷点区与热点区的周围。(3)将乡村发展类型划分为生态保育优先型、经济发展优先型、生态保育与经济发展并重I型和生态保育与经济发展并重Ⅱ型4种类型,各类型村域单元分别占盘州市总面积的34.0%,18.1%,17.6%和30.3%;(4)不同发展类型的乡村性差异明显,生态保育优先型与并重Ⅱ型的乡村性等级总体为:弱、较弱与中等; 经济发展优先型与并重I型的乡村性等级总体为:中等、较强与强。从微观视角分析盘州市乡村性分异状况与发展类型,明晰乡村发展的潜在条件与发展路径,可为区域乡村的脱贫致富和振兴提供决策依据。
The karst mountains are typical ecological environment vulnerable area where rural economic development is slow. Evaluating the rurality is helpful to promote the regional economic development. Taking Panzhou City as a case, we constructed an evaluation index system of rurality, conducted a quantitative evaluation on the rurality of 474 rural units in Panzhou City, analyzed its spatial differentiation characteristics, divided rural development types based on ecological and economic conditions, and explored the differences of rurality under different development types. The results show that:(1)the spatial distribution of rurality in Panzhou is obvious, and the overall distribution characteristics in the south is higher than north, and east is higher than west;(2)with respect to the overall aspect, the rurality index shows significant spatial agglomeration; From the local level, the cold spots distribute in the western part of the city, while the hot spots distribute in the southern part, and the sub-cold and sub-hot are distribute around the cold and hot area, respectively;(3)the rural development type is divided into ecological protection priority, economic development priority, ecological protection and economic development common important type I and Ⅱ, each type of rural development account for 34.0%, 18.1%, 17.6% and 30.3% of Panzhou's total area, respectively;(4)there are obvious differences between different types of rural development, the rurality level of both ecological protection priority and common important type Ⅱ are weak, weaker and medium; the rurality level of both economic development priority and common important type I are medium, stronger and strong. This paper analyzes the status and development types of rural differentiation in Panzhou from the micro perspective, and clarifies the potential conditions and development paths of rural development, which can provide the decision-making basis for the regional rural poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.
英亚体育 英亚体育 英亚体育 英亚体育 英亚app